Training House co uk Ltd

How do infections spread?

For an infection to spread 4 conditions must be present.

A germ must be present. Examples include:





The germ must have a place to live and multiply such as:






A susceptiple host, specifically a person who does not have immunity to the germ.


A way for the germ to enter the host such as:

      direct contact (touch, sexual contact, kissing, etc)

      indirect contact (through contaminated food, water, feces, etc.)

      water droplets

      particles in the air

Removing any one of these four conditions breaks the chain of infection, thus preventing the infection from spreading. So to prevent infection, we must remove one of the four links in the infection. But how?

How can we break the chain of infection?

Preventing infection means looking at your habits, lifestyles, and surroundings and assessing for those things that may promote infection. By identifying those things in the infection chain, we can take steps to eliminate them. For instance:

      Practice good personal hygiene

      Treat all bodily fluids as potentially infectious.

      Use protective barriers such as gloves, masks, aprons, and condoms when exposure to infections agents is possible.

      Maintain a clean home and environment.

      Store and cook foods at the proper temperature.

      Proper disposal of wastes, garbage, and used medical supplies

      See your doctor regularly for protective vaccines and immunizations.



Wash your hands often!

Frequent and proper hand-washing is key in preventing the spread of infection.

      Wash your hands before handling or eating food.

      Wash your hands after:

      using the toilet

      changing a diaper, nappy

      coughing sneezing or blowing your nose

      handling a pet

      preparing or handling uncooked foods

      Wash your hands before and after:

      cleaning cuts or abrasions

      changing bandages or soiled linens

Control infections throughout your home

Your home can be a breeding ground for germs that can cause infection. Reduce the risk of spreading infection by:

      Improve your home's air quality by increasing air circulation, changing your filters, and maintain good ventilation by opening windows.

      Be cautious with pet care

      change litter boxes daily

      avoid handing bird droppings

      avoid handling fish tank water

      Use liquid hand soap instead of bar soap

      Change bathroom linens frequently, especially after they become wet

      Replace toothbrushes often and store them in a clean, dry place

      Use disposable drinking cups in the bathroom instead of reusable drinking glasses

      Disinfect the toilet regularly using bleach (always use rubber gloves and eye protection when handling bleach).

      Clean sinks and tubs with a household cleaner

      Mop the floor each week with a standard floor cleaner

Controlling infection in the kitchen

The kitchen is a prime location for the spread of germs and infection. Reduce your risk by:

      Store food properly

      refrigerate leftovers immediately

      clean your refrigerator weekly

      set your refrigerator temperature at 40 degrees F or less and your freezer at 0 degrees or less

      thaw foods in a microwave instead of at room temperature

      Handle meats, fish and eggs properly

      never eat them raw

      cook them at proper temperatures

      never buy cracked eggs

      Wash fruits and vegetables under running water

      Use separate cutting boards and utensils for cooked and raw foods.

      Clean the can opener after each use

      Keep work surfaces clean

      Wash your hands immediately after handling raw foods, especially meats and poultry

      Wash used dishes in hot, soapy water or a dishwasher and allow to air dry.

By taking the proper precautions and following a few simple rules, you can decrease your risk of infection. Help your immune system keep you healthy.

Break that chain of infection.